# Descriptive Statistics: Definition, Overview, Types, Example.

Descriptive Statistics: Definition, Overview, Types, Example. What are basic statistics? Basic statistics are a branch of mathematics that deals with the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data. In applying statistics to, for example, a scientific, industrial, or social problem, it is conventional to begin with a statistical population or a statistical model to be studied. Populations can be diverse topics such as "all people living in a country" or "every atom composing a crystal". The investigator seeks to understand the nature of the population and, more importantly, the nature of the relationships between variables in the population. A variable is any characteristic that can be measured or counted. Common examples are height, weight, IQ, and income.

There are four major types of data:

- Nominal data: This is data that can be classified, but not ordered. Examples of nominal data include gender (male/female), hair color (black, brown, blonde, red), and eye color (brown, green, blue, hazel).

- Ordinal data: This is data that can be classified and ordered. Examples of ordinal data include grade (A, B, C, D, F), ranking (1st, 2nd, 3rd), and satisfaction (very satisfied, satisfied, neutral, dissatisfied, very dissatisfied).

- Interval data: This is data that can be ordered and the difference between two values is meaningful. Examples of interval data include temperature (in degrees Celsius or Fahrenheit), time (in hours, minutes, and seconds), and date (in years, months, and days).

- Ratio data: This is data that can be ordered, the difference between two values is meaningful, and there is a true zero point. Examples of ratio data include length (in centimeters or inches), weight (in pounds or kilograms), and speed (in miles per hour or kilometers per hour).

#### What are the 4 descriptive statistics?

There are four types of descriptive statistics:

1. Measures of central tendency: These measures give us a single value that represents the entire data set. The three most common measures of central tendency are the mean, median, and mode.

2. Measures of dispersion: These measures give us an idea of how spread out the data are. The three most common measures of dispersion are the range, standard deviation, and variance.

3. Measures of skewness: These measures give us an idea of how symmetric or asymmetric the data are. The two most common measures of skewness are the kurtosis and skewness.

4. Measures of correlation: These measures give us an idea of how two variables are related to each other. The two most common measures of correlation are the Pearson correlation coefficient and the Spearman rank correlation coefficient.

What are the 3 measures of central tendency? There are three primary measures of central tendency: mean, median, and mode. Each measure provides a different perspective on where most values in a data set fall.

The mean is the arithmetic average of a data set, and is the most commonly used measure of central tendency. To calculate the mean, add up all the values in the data set and divide by the number of values.

The median is the middle value in a data set when the values are sorted from low to high. If there is an even number of values, the median is the average of the two middle values.

The mode is the value that appears most often in a data set.

##### What is the meaning of descriptive analysis?

Descriptive analysis is a branch of accounting that deals with the description, interpretation, and presentation of financial data. It is used to identify trends, relationships, and patterns in financial data. Descriptive analysis can be used to examine past financial data to identify trends and relationships, or to examine current financial data to identify trends and relationships. What is a descriptive type of data called? A descriptive type of data is called financial data. Financial data includes information such as revenue, expenses, profits, and losses. This type of data is used to make decisions about how to allocate resources and make investment decisions.