The semi-strong form efficiency definition posits that all publicly available information is fully reflected in a security's price. This means that the current market price of a security reflects all relevant information that is publicly available.

The semi-strong form of efficiency is stronger than the weak form, which only states that past prices are reflected in current prices. The semi-strong form goes a step further and states that all relevant information is reflected in prices.

This form of efficiency is difficult to achieve in practice, as there is a lot of information that is not publicly available. For example, insider information is not publicly available, and yet it can have a significant impact on a security's price.

Why does weak form of EMH cost doubt in technical analysis? There are a few reasons why the weak form of the Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) may cause doubt in technical analysis. Technical analysis is a method of predicting future price movements in financial markets based on past price data. The weak form of the EMH states that prices are random and not predictable. This means that technical analysis may not be effective in predicting future price movements.

Another reason why the weak form of the EMH may cause doubt in technical analysis is that it is based on the assumption that all information is publicly available. This may not be the case in reality, as some information may be insider information or not widely known. This means that technical analysis may not be taking into account all of the relevant information when making predictions.

Finally, the weak form of the EMH does not take into account the role of emotions in financial markets. It is possible that prices are not always rational and that emotions can influence price movements. This means that technical analysis may not be effective in predicting future price movements if emotions are not taken into account.

##### What are strong and weak form equations?

In mathematics, a strong form equation is an equation in which all variables are known. A weak form equation is an equation in which some variables are unknown.

The strong form of the equation for a straight line is y = mx + b, where m is the slope and b is the y-intercept. The weak form of the equation is y = mx, where m is the slope and x is the independent variable.

The strong form of the quadratic equation is y = ax^2 + bx + c, where a, b, and c are the coefficients. The weak form of the equation is y = ax^2 + bx, where a and b are the coefficients.

##### Which of the following observations would provide evidence against the semi strong?

There are a few reasons why the observation of a very low P/E ratio might provide evidence against the semi-strong form of the efficient market hypothesis. One reason is that if investors believe that a stock is undervalued, they will buy it, driving up the price and lowering the P/E ratio. If the P/E ratio is very low, it might be because investors believe that the stock is overvalued and are not buying it. Another reason is that a low P/E ratio might be a sign of a company in trouble, which would again lead investors to avoid the stock. What do you mean by strong form of market efficiency? The strong form of market efficiency states that all information, both public and private, is fully reflected in asset prices. This means that it is impossible to earn excess returns by analyzing publicly available information. In other words, the strong form of market efficiency implies that markets are perfectly efficient and that it is impossible to beat the market. What does the EMH imply for the use of technical analysis? The efficient market hypothesis (EMH) is a theory that suggests it is impossible to beat the market because stock prices reflect all available information.

This means that technical analysis, which is a method of predicting future price movements based on past price data, is not effective in beating the market.