# The Sortino Ratio is a financial ratio that measures the return of an investment compared to the risk involved.

. Sortino Ratio: Definition, Formula, Calculation, Example How do you calculate ulcer index? The ulcer index is a measure of the severity of ulcers, and is calculated by dividing the sum of the lengths of all ulcers by the sum of the lengths of all healthy tissue.

##### What is var risk management?

Risk management is the process of identifying, assessing, and controlling risks arising from operational activities and business processes. It includes the assessment of risks, the implementation of controls to mitigate risks, and the monitoring of risks. The goal of risk management is to protect the organization's assets and reputation and to ensure the safety of its employees, customers, and other stakeholders.

Risk management is a critical function for any organization. It helps organizations to make informed decisions about how to deal with risks and to protect themselves from potential losses. Effective risk management can help organizations to avoid or minimize the impact of risks, and to improve their overall performance.

#### What is considered a high Sortino ratio?

The Sortino ratio is a risk-adjusted performance measure that was developed by Frank Sortino and Michael van Biema in the early 1990s. The ratio is similar to the Sharpe ratio, but it is more targeted towards downside risk.

A high Sortino ratio indicates that the return of the investment is high compared to the amount of downside risk.

The Sortino ratio is calculated as the ratio of the excess return over the target return to the downside risk.

The target return is the return that is expected for the investment, and the downside risk is the standard deviation of the returns that are below the target return.

For example, if an investment has a target return of 10%, and the standard deviation of the returns that are below 10% is 2%, then the Sortino ratio would be 5.

A Sortino ratio of 5 would be considered high. What is a good information ratio? There is no definitive answer to this question as it will vary depending on the individual investor's goals and preferences. However, a good starting point is to look for an information ratio of at least 1.0. This means that the fund is generating returns that are at least equal to the benchmark index. Anything above 1.0 is considered to be superior performance. What is Sharpe ratio with example? The Sharpe ratio is a measure of risk-adjusted return, which is calculated by subtracting the risk-free rate from the return of a security or portfolio and dividing the result by the standard deviation of the security or portfolio.

For example, let's say you have a stock that has returned 10% over the past year, and the risk-free rate is 2%. The Sharpe ratio would be (10-2)/standard deviation. If the standard deviation was 20%, the Sharpe ratio would be 0.4.