# Days Payable Outstanding (DPO) Defined and How It’s Calculated.

Days payable outstanding (DPO) is a measure of the average payment period that a company takes to pay its invoices from trade creditors, such as suppliers. The lower the DPO, the better, because it means the company is paying its invoices in a timely manner.

To calculate DPO, divide the number of days in the period by the total number of invoices that were paid during that period. For example, if a company pays 100 invoices in a 30-day period, its DPO would be 30 days.

DPO is important because it is one of the factors that creditors use to assess a company's creditworthiness. A high DPO means that the company is taking a long time to pay its invoices, which could indicate financial distress.

##### How do you calculate DSO days in Excel?

Assuming that you have a data set that includes invoices, payments, and the date of each transaction, you can calculate the Days Sales Outstanding (DSO) by creating a pivot table in Excel.

1. To calculate DSO, you need to know the following data points:
- the date of the invoice
- the date of the payment
- the amount of the invoice
- the amount of the payment

2. Create a pivot table with the following fields:
- Date of Invoice
- Date of Payment
- Amount of Invoice
- Amount of Payment

3. To calculate the DSO, use the following formula:

DSO = Amount of Invoice / Amount of Payment What is the DPO formula? The DPO formula is used to calculate the number of days it takes a company to pay its invoices from its suppliers. To calculate the DPO, you need to know the number of days in the period being measured ( typically a year), the total amount of Accounts Payable, and the total cost of purchases for the period.

The DPO formula is:

DPO = (Accounts Payable / Cost of Purchases) * Days in Period

For example, if a company has \$50,000 in Accounts Payable and \$100,000 in Cost of Purchases, and the period being measured is 365 days, the DPO would be:

DPO = (\$50,000 / \$100,000) * 365 days = 182.5 days

This means that, on average, it takes the company 182.5 days to pay its invoices from its suppliers. Why is DSO important? DSO, or days sales outstanding, is a metric used to measure a company's average number of days it takes to collect payment after a sale has been made. A high DSO indicates that a company is taking longer to collect payment from its customers, which can be a sign of financial trouble. DSO is important because it is a good indicator of a company's financial health. A company with a high DSO may be having difficulty collecting payment from its customers, which could lead to financial problems down the road. How do you calculate DSO for 3 months? To calculate DSO for 3 months, you would take the total receivables for that period and divide it by the average daily sales for that period. What affects the DSO number? There are several factors that can affect a company's DSO number. Some of these factors include:

1. The mix of customers that a company has. For example, if a company has a lot of customers who pay slowly, that will increase the DSO.

2. The credit terms that a company offers its customers. For example, if a company offers its customers longer terms (e.g. 60 days), that will increase the DSO.

3. The efficiency of a company's accounts receivable department. For example, if a company has a lot of outstanding invoices, that will increase the DSO.

4. The economic conditions in the country where a company does business. For example, if there is a recession, that will increase the DSO.