Market discount is the interest rate paid by a security that is trading at a discount to its par value. The market discount is the difference between the security's par value and its current market price, divided by the number of years to maturity.

For example, a $1,000 bond with a 5% market discount that matures in 10 years would have a current market price of $950. The market discount would be ($1,000 - $950) / 10, or 0.5%. Why am I getting a 1099-int from the IRS? The answer may vary depending on the specific situation, but in general, a 1099-int is issued by the IRS to report interest income. This could be interest income from a savings account, investment account, or any other type of account where interest is earned.

In some cases, the 1099-int may be issued in error. For example, if you closed an account before the end of the year, the bank may have issued a 1099-int for the interest earned up until that point, even though you are no longer accruing interest on the account. In this case, you would need to contact the bank to have the 1099-int corrected.

If you have questions about a 1099-int you received, you should contact the IRS directly.

### How are market discount bonds taxed?

When a market discount bond is sold, the seller must recognize the difference between the market price and the original issue price as taxable income.

This is because market discount bonds are sold at a discount to their face value, and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) considers this difference to be interest income.

The amount of the market discount will be determined by the bond's coupon rate, its time to maturity, and the prevailing interest rates in the market.

The market discount is taxed as ordinary income in the year it is received, and it is subject to federal, state, and local taxes.

The market discount is also subject to the alternative minimum tax (AMT).

If a market discount bond is held until maturity, the holder will pay taxes on the interest income as it is received.

However, if the bond is sold before maturity, the holder will pay taxes on the market discount as well as any capital gains that may have been realized.

#### What is the difference between OID and market discount?

There are a few key differences between OID and market discount:

-OID is a tax-advantaged way to receive income from a bond, whereas market discount is taxed as ordinary income

-OID is typically paid out in periodic installments, whereas market discount is paid all at once when the bond matures

-OID usually results in a higher yield than market discount, since the market value of the bond is typically less than its face value

#### What does accrued market discount mean?

Accrued market discount is the market discount that has accumulated on a bond since the last coupon payment.

For example, let's say a bond has a face value of $1,000 and a coupon rate of 5%. The bond's market value is currently $950, which means it has a market discount of $50.

If the bond's last coupon payment was made six months ago, then the bond has accrued $25 of market discount ($50 x 6 months).

Accrued market discount is important for tax purposes, because it is considered taxable income. When a bond is sold, the accrued market discount is added to the bond's sales price to determine the amount of taxable income.

For example, let's say the bond in the previous example is sold for $950. The $25 of accrued market discount is added to the sales price, for a total of $975 of taxable income.

If the bond is held until it matures, the accrued market discount is not taxed until the bond is sold or redeemed. How do you calculate accrued market discount? To calculate accrued market discount, you will need to know the following:

-The original issue price of the bond

-The current market price of the bond

-The coupon rate of the bond

-The number of days since the last coupon payment

With this information, you can calculate the accrued market discount using the following formula:

(Original Issue Price - Current Market Price) x (Coupon Rate/360) x (Number of Days Since Last Coupon Payment)

For example, let's say you have a bond with an original issue price of $1,000, a current market price of $950, a coupon rate of 5%, and it has been 45 days since the last coupon payment. The accrued market discount would be:

($1,000 - $950) x (5%/360) x (45) = $0.86