# What Is Present Value (PV)?

The present value (PV) of a financial asset is the value of the asset in today's dollars. PV is also known as "present worth." The PV of an asset is the sum of all future cash flows from the asset, discounted at the asset's required rate of return. The required rate of return is the minimum rate of return that an investor would accept for investing in the asset.

PV is used to measure the value of an asset in today's dollars. It is a key concept in financial decision-making, because it allows decision-makers to compare the values of different assets. PV is also used in capital budgeting to determine whether a proposed investment is worth making.

To calculate PV, an investor must first estimate the cash flows that the asset will generate in the future. These future cash flows are then discounted at the asset's required rate of return to arrive at the present value.

The formula for PV is:

PV = CF1 / (1 + r)^1 + CF2 / (1 + r)^2 + ... + CFn / (1 + r)^n

where:

PV = present value

CF1, CF2, ..., CFn = future cash flows from the asset

r = asset's required rate of return

n = number of periods (usually years) over which the cash flows will occur

For example, let's say an investor is considering buying a stock that is expected to pay the following dividends over the next five years:

Year 1: \$1.00

Year 2: \$1.50

Year 3: \$2.00

Year 4: \$2.50

Year 5: \$3.00

The investor's required rate of return is 10%. To calculate the present value of the stock, the investor would use the following formula:

PV

### What is the difference between present value and present value of an annuity?

The present value of an annuity is the sum of all future payments of the annuity, discounted back to the present. The present value of an annuity is always less than the future value of the annuity, because the discount rate used to calculate present value will always be greater than 0.

The present value of an annuity is the sum of all future payments of the annuity, discounted back to the present. The present value of an annuity is always less than the future value of the annuity, because the discount rate used to calculate present value will always be greater than 0.

The future value of an annuity is the sum of all future payments of the annuity, including the final payment, which is discounted back to the present. The future value of an annuity is always greater than the present value of the annuity, because the discount rate used to calculate future value will always be less than 0. What is present value example? The present value of a future sum of money is the current value of that money given a specified rate of return. For example, if you are promised \$100 one year from now and the interest rate is 10%, the present value of that money is \$90.90.

### What does the present value of a bond mean?

The present value of a bond is the amount of money that the bondholder would receive if they were to sell the bond today. The present value is calculated by taking into account the interest rate of the bond, the time until the bond matures, and the face value of the bond.

What is the definition of present value Brainly? The present value of a financial asset is the value that the asset currently has in the marketplace. This value may be different from the asset's original value, depending on market conditions. The present value is important to investors because it represents the amount of money that they would receive if they were to sell the asset immediately.

##### What is the difference between PV and NPV in Excel?

PV, or present value, is the value of a future stream of payments at a given point in time. NPV, or net present value, is the difference between the present value of a stream of payments and the present value of the payments that are required to make those payments.