. Debt-to-EBITDA Ratio: Definition and Calculation.

#### What is EBITDA in simple terms?

EBITDA stands for earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization. It is a measure of a company's financial performance that excludes these items in order to better gauge its operating cash flow.

EBITDA is often used as a proxy for a company's cash flow, since it excludes items that can be affected by accounting choices or non-operating activities. It is also a popular metric for valuation, since it strips out the effects of a company's capital structure and tax regime.

However, EBITDA is not a perfect measure of a company's cash flow, since it excludes items like working capital and capital expenditures. It also does not reflect a company's true economic profit, since it excludes items like depreciation and amortization.

#### What is EBITDA ratio?

The EBITDA ratio is a financial metric that measures a company's ability to generate earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization.

This ratio is often used to measure a company's operating efficiency and profitability. A high EBITDA ratio indicates that a company is generate a lot of earnings from its operations.

To calculate the EBITDA ratio, you simply take a company's earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA) and divide it by the company's total revenue.

For example, let's say that a company has EBITDA of $1 million and total revenue of $10 million. This company would have an EBITDA ratio of 10%.

The EBITDA ratio can be a useful tool for comparing companies in the same industry. However, it's important to keep in mind that this ratio doesn't take into account a company's capital structure or tax rate, which can both have a significant impact on a company's bottom line.

### What is meaning of debt-to-equity ratio?

The debt-to-equity ratio is a financial ratio that measures the relative proportion of a company's equity and debt. The debt-to-equity ratio is calculated by dividing a company's total liabilities by its total shareholder equity.

A high debt-to-equity ratio indicates that a company is highly leveraged and may be at risk of defaulting on its debt obligations. A low debt-to-equity ratio indicates that a company has a strong equity position and is less likely to default on its debt obligations.

#### How do you calculate EBITDA in Excel?

There are a few different ways to calculate EBITDA in Excel. One way is to use the SUM function to add up the total revenue for the company and then subtract the total expenses. This will give you the company's net income. To get the EBITDA, you will then need to add back in any interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization expenses.

Another way to calculate EBITDA in Excel is to use the EBITDA function. This function takes in 5 parameters: revenue, COGS, operating expenses, interest expense, and taxes. It will then output the EBITDA for the company.

You can also use the EBITDA template in Excel to calculate the EBITDA for a company. This template can be found under the "Financial Statements" templates in Excel.

Once you have the EBITDA, you can then use this number to calculate other ratios, such as the EBITDA margin or the EV/EBITDA ratio.

##### How is leverage calculated?

Leverage is calculated by dividing the total value of a company's assets by the value of its equity. The resulting number is the leverage ratio.

The higher the leverage ratio, the more debt a company has relative to its equity. This means that the company is more likely to default on its debt obligations if its income decreases.

Leverage can be a useful tool for companies to finance their growth. However, it can also be dangerous if not managed properly.

If you're interested in learning more about leverage and how it can be used in investing, we recommend checking out our course on the topic.