Non-GAAP Earnings Definition.

Non-GAAP earnings definition is a measure of financial performance that excludes or includes certain items in order to give investors a more accurate picture of a company’s underlying business performance. Non-GAAP earnings is often used by companies to give investors a better understanding of their core profitability, as it excludes one-time items or items that … Read more

Salvage Value Definition.

The salvage value definition is the value of an asset at the end of its useful life. The salvage value is also known as the scrap value or residual value. The salvage value definition is important for businesses because it is used to calculate the depreciation of an asset. The salvage value definition is also … Read more

Understanding High Minus Low (HML).

The HML ratio is a measure of market risk. It is calculated by subtracting the return on a portfolio of high-risk stocks from the return on a portfolio of low-risk stocks. The resulting number is then divided by the market risk premium. The HML ratio can be used to determine whether a stock is overvalued … Read more

Learn About the Treasury Stock Method.

The treasury stock method is a tool that can be used in order to calculate the number of a company’s outstanding shares. This method takes into account the company’s repurchases of its own stock, which reduces the number of outstanding shares. In order to calculate the number of shares using the treasury stock method, the … Read more

Normal Distribution: Its Properties, Uses, and Formula.

Normal Distribution: Overview, Properties, Uses, and Formula What is normal distribution PDF? A normal distribution PDF is a bell-shaped curve that describes how data is distributed. The normal distribution is the most common type of distribution, and the bell-shape of the normal distribution PDF makes it easy to visualize. The normal distribution PDF is also … Read more

What Is Multiple Discriminant Analysis (MDA)?

Multiple discriminant analysis (MDA) is a statistical tool used to predict the probability of a particular event occurring. It is based on the relationships between a set of independent variables and a dependent variable. The dependent variable is usually a categorical variable, such as “yes” or “no.” The independent variables can be any type of … Read more

Capitalization of Earnings Definition.

The capitalization of earnings definition is the process by which a company’s earnings are used to finance the purchase of additional shares of the company’s stock. The capitalization of earnings process is also known as “internal financing.” A company can use two methods to finance the purchase of additional shares: issuing new shares or using … Read more

Headline Earnings Definition.

The term “headline earnings definition” refers to a method of measuring a company’s earnings that includes all of its one-time items and extraordinary items. This is in contrast to the “net income” or “bottom line” measure of earnings, which excludes these items. The headline earnings definition is useful for comparing a company’s earnings across different … Read more


Net-net is a term used in finance to describe a company’s net current assets minus its total liabilities. The net-net method is used to value a company’s equity by taking into account only its most liquid assets and its liabilities. The calculation is performed by taking a company’s total current assets and subtracting its total … Read more

Tangible Book Value Per Share (TBVPS).

The tangible book value per share (TBVPS) is a measure of a company’s book value that excludes intangible assets such as goodwill. Goodwill is an intangible asset that is created when one company acquires another company at a price that is higher than the fair market value of the acquired company’s assets. The TBVPS can … Read more