Understanding Arbitrage Pricing Theory.

Arbitrage pricing theory is a theory that states that the price of a security is determined by the prices of other securities that are in some way similar. The theory is based on the idea of arbitrage, which is the practice of taking advantage of a price difference between two or more markets. The theory … Read more

Total-Debt-to-Total-Assets Ratio: Meaning, Formula, and What’s Good.

What is the Total-Debt-to-Total-Assets Ratio? The Total-Debt-to-Total-Assets Ratio (DTTA) is a financial ratio that measures the percentage of a company’s total debts to its total assets. What is a good Total-Debt-to-Total-Assets Ratio? A good Total-Debt-to-Total-Assets Ratio varies by industry, but a DTTA of 60% or less is generally considered good. What does a debt ratio … Read more


The term “EBITDAR” stands for “earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization, and rent.” It is a financial metric that is used to assess a company’s financial performance and is often used as a measure of a company’s ability to generate cash flow. EBITDAR is calculated by taking a company’s earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT), … Read more

What Is Closed Loop MRP?

Closed loop MRP is a manufacturing process planning and execution system that continually monitors and adjusts production plans in response to actual production progress. The goal of closed loop MRP is to keep production plans aligned with actual production progress, thereby reducing or eliminating the need for manual intervention and re-planning. The key components of … Read more

Opening Transaction Definition.

An opening transaction definition is a statement that defines the purpose of a particular transaction. It is usually made at the beginning of a transaction in order to provide clarity for all parties involved. What are the 5 selling techniques? 1. The first selling technique is to establish rapport with the customer. This can be … Read more