# Normalized Earnings.

Normalized earnings is a term used to describe a company's earnings that have been adjusted to remove the effects of one-time or non-recurring items. This gives investors a more accurate picture of a company's true earnings power.

#### What is normalized FCF?

Normalized FCF is a measure of a company's free cash flow that has been adjusted to remove the impact of non-recurring items and changes in working capital. This metric is useful for comparing the cash flows of companies with different accounting practices or for companies that have experienced significant changes in their working capital.

##### What is normalization and why is it important?

Normalization is the process of adjusting financial statements to be easily comparable. This is done by removing items that are non-recurring, or adjusting for items that don't occur in every period. Normalization is important because it allows investors to more easily compare companies, and to see how a company is performing over time. Without normalization, it would be very difficult to compare companies, and to spot trends.

### What is another word for normalize?

The definition of normalize, according to Investopedia, is "to adjust prices, interest rates, dividends, etc. to remove the effects of inflation or other outside forces, making comparisons possible."

A synonym for normalize would be "to adjust." What are the different types of normalization? There are four main types of normalization: min-max normalization, z-score normalization, decimal scaling normalization, and mean normalization.

1. Min-max normalization: also known as min-max scaling or Rescaling, is the simplest method to scale data. It scales the data to fit within a specific range, usually 0 to 1. To rescale the data, you subtract the minimum value from each data point and then divide by the difference between the maximum and minimum values.
2. Z-score normalization: also known as standardization, mean removal, or Gaussian transformation, transforms the data so that the distribution is centered around 0, with a standard deviation of 1. To standardize the data, you subtract the mean from each data point and then divide by the standard deviation.
3. Decimal scaling normalization: transforms the data so that all values are scaled by a factor of 10, 100, 1000, etc. This type of normalization is often used when the data is very large or very small. To decimal scale the data, you divide each data point by the factor (10, 100, 1000, etc.).
4. Mean normalization: rescales the data so that the mean of the data is 0. To mean normalize the data, you subtract the mean from each data point.

Why EV EBITDA is better than EV EBIT? EV/EBITDA is often used in place of EV/EBIT because EBITDA is a measure of a company's earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization. This makes it a good proxy for a company's cash flow.

There are a few reasons why using EV/EBITDA may be preferable to using EV/EBIT. First, EBITDA is less sensitive to accounting choices than EBIT. This is because it excludes items like depreciation and amortization, which can be affected by accounting choices.

Second, EBITDA is a better measure of a company's true cash flow. This is because it excludes items like interest and taxes, which can vary greatly from one year to the next.

Third, EV/EBITDA is more commonly used than EV/EBIT. This means that it is easier to find comparable companies when using EV/EBITDA.

Overall, EV/EBITDA is a better measure of a company's value than EV/EBIT.