What is an infrastructure?

When we talk about infrastructure, we are mentioning a general term that is used in the economía to refer to the physical and material heritage that a country or specific society has in order to carry out its productive activities.

However, the concept of infrastructure ranges from works, structures and capital goods that an economy has with which it can carry out its different tasks and day-to-day activities. The concept, if Marxist theory is taken as interest, could be taken as broader and would include all the productive forces and production reactions that exist in the economy.

What elements are included in the infrastructure?

As we have commented previously, the concept includes all the physical and material heritage that makes it possible to develop the sale of goods and the production of services in a specific country. In this sense, concepts such as: roads, sewers, schools, public housing, public buildings, railways, traffic routes, electrical networks, etc. would enter.

It is said that the productive capacity of a country can be measured through the degree of development of its infrastructures: the larger it is, the more productive capacity it has. Regarding this, we can say that the country's production costs will be lowered by having good infrastructure. In this way, we can indicate that costs in transport, communications, obtaining energy and anything else will be saved by carrying out the necessary activities.

On the other hand, the less infrastructure a country has, the more difficult it will be for the country and for the companies that have to be able to carry out projects in it. Therefore, it will be profitable to invest in it and to be able to generate enough infrastructure.

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