John Stuart Mill was born in London, England on May 20, 1806. He was a British philosopher, political economist, and civil servant. His father, James Mill, was a Scottish philosopher, historian, and economist. His mother was Harriet Barrow.
Mill was educated by his father, who tutored him in history, philosophy, and economics. He also read widely on his own, including works by David Ricardo and Adam Smith. Mill began working as a clerk for the East India Company at the age of 17. He rose quickly through the ranks, becoming an assistant examiner in 1823 and a full examiner in 1826.
In 1829, Mill married Harriet Taylor. The couple had two children, but their marriage was not a happy one. Harriet Taylor would later become Mill's intellectual companion and collaborator.
In 1848, Mill was elected to the House of Commons as a member of the Liberal Party. He served only one term, but used his time in Parliament to campaign for various social reforms, including the abolition of slavery and the extension of voting rights to women.
In 1859, Mill published On Liberty, a defense of individual freedom. In 1865, he published Utilitarianism, a defense of the ethical theory of utilitarianism. Mill's other major works include The Principles of Political Economy (1848) and Considerations on Representative Government (1861).
Mill died in Avignon, France on May 8, 1873.
What is John Stuart Mill's famous book?
John Stuart Mill's famous book is "On Liberty." In this work, Mill argues for individual liberty and against the interference of the state in the lives of its citizens. He also advocates for the freedom of expression and the importance of open debate in a free society. What is another term for utilitarianism? Utilitarianism is a theory in normative ethics, which holds that the proper course of action is the one that maximizes utility. Utility is defined in various ways, but is usually related to happiness or pleasure.
Did Mill believe in natural rights? Yes, Mill believed in natural rights. He thought that everyone had a right to life, liberty, and property, and that these rights were inherent in human nature. He believed that the government should protect these rights, and that the violation of these rights was the root of all social evils.
How does John Stuart Mill define happiness? John Stuart Mill was a nineteenth-century philosopher who famously wrote that "it is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied; better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied." In other words, Mill believed that it was better to be unhappy and have a high level of intellectual and moral development than to be content and have low levels of intellectual and moral development.
So, for Mill, happiness is not simply a matter of feeling pleasurable sensations or avoiding pain. Rather, it is about achieving a certain level of development in one's intellectual and moral faculties. This higher level of development leads to a more fulfilling and satisfying life, even if it comes with some discomfort along the way. What did John Stuart Mill advocate for? John Stuart Mill advocated for many things, including:
- laissez faire economics
- free trade
- equality of opportunity
- individual liberty
- women's rights
- and more.