What Is a Sale?

A sale is a transfer of ownership of a good or service from one person to another in exchange for money. Sales are a key part of any business, as they are the primary way that revenue is generated. In order for a sale to take place, there must be an offer made by the … Read more

Median: How to Calculate It, With Examples.

Median: How to Calculate It, With Examples. What is the median in economics? In economics, the median is the value that separates the higher half of a data sample, a population, or a probability distribution, from the lower half. In simple terms, it may be thought of as the “middle” value. The median is of … Read more

The Permanent Income Hypothesis is a theory in economics that posits that individuals base their consumption decisions on their expectations of their long-term income.

This theory has important implications for economic policymaking.. Permanent Income Hypothesis: What It Is, How It Works, and Its Impact What is the permanent income hypothesis quizlet? The permanent income hypothesis is an economic theory that suggests that people’s income tends to remain relatively stable over time, despite changes in employment or other factors. The … Read more

Hazard Rate Definition.

The hazard rate is the instantaneous rate of failure of a particular unit. In other words, it is the conditional probability that a unit will fail at a given time, given that it has not failed up to that time. The hazard rate is usually expressed as a function of time. The hazard rate definition … Read more

Who Is Paul Krugman?

Paul Krugman is an American economist who is currently a Distinguished Professor of Economics at the City University of New York’s Graduate Center. He is also a columnist for The New York Times. In 2008, Krugman was the recipient of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his work on international trade theory. Who … Read more

Applied Economics Definition.

Applied economics is a branch of economics that uses economic theory and principles to solve real-world problems. It is concerned with the application of economic theory to the problems of economic policy. What is applied economics course? Applied economics is a branch of economics that uses economic theory and quantitative methods to analyze real-world economic … Read more

Competitive Equilibrium Definition.

A competitive equilibrium is a situation in which no participant in a market can be better off by switching to another strategy, given the strategies of the other participants. In a competitive equilibrium, each participant is assumed to be aware of the strategies of the others, and to be making the best possible choice given … Read more

Monetarist Theory Definition.

Monetarism is a school of thought in economics that emphasizes the role of money in the development and performance of an economy. Monetarist theory is based on the quantity theory of money, which states that the money supply has a direct and proportional relationship with inflation and economic growth. The most well-known monetarist is Milton … Read more

Silk Route: Definition, History, and What Exists Now.

The Silk Route: What It Was and What It Is Now Is Silk Road still active 2022? The Silk Road was an online marketplace that was used for illegal drug transactions. The site was active from 2011 to 2013 and has been shut down by the FBI. However, there are still many people who use … Read more

What Is Production Efficiency?

In microeconomics, production efficiency is a state of the world where production uses the least possible inputs to produce the greatest possible output. Production efficiency occurs when all resources are optimally used to produce the desired output. In a perfectly competitive market, all firms are production efficient. This is because firms that are less efficient … Read more