Working Ratio Definition.

The working ratio definition is a calculation used to determine a company’s financial health. The working ratio measures a company’s ability to meet its financial obligations as they come due. To calculate the working ratio, divide a company’s total liabilities by its total assets. A ratio of less than 1 indicates that a company has … Read more

Job Market Is a Conceptual Marketplace of Employees and Employers.

The job market refers to the conceptual marketplace of employees and employers. In this market, employers seek workers who have the skills and experience needed to fill vacant positions, and workers look for employers who offer the best job opportunities and compensation packages. The job market is constantly changing, as new technologies and industries emerge … Read more

Joint-Stock Company: What It Is, History, and Examples.

Joint-Stock Company: What It Is and Its History Who started joint-stock companies? The first joint-stock company was the Dutch East India Company, founded in 1602. The company was formed to raise money to fund a trading expedition to the East Indies. Shares in the company were sold to investors, who became shareholders. The shareholders were … Read more

What is the digital signature?

The digital signature is a cryptographic tool that allows guaranteeing the authorship and verifying the authenticity and integrity of a digitally signed message and of certain data or documents, since it associates the identity of a person or computer equipment to the message sent. Thus, it offers the possibility of detecting counterfeiting and manipulation that … Read more