A shareholder is a person who owns actions of a society. An action is a title that a anonymous society or limited by shares issues and represents the value of one of the fractions into which the share capital is divided.
The holder of a share makes him a shareholder over the . This means that it has power in the company in the management and decision-making bodies. The shareholder receives a series of rights and obligations of a political and economic-financial nature for the shares he owns.
In addition, you will have more or less decision-making power depending on the number of shares you have based on the total number of shares into which the capital of the company is divided. Shareholders can take different roles, depending on their power in the company: being able to vote, number of shares they own, attending meetings, etc.
What rights does a shareholder have?
A shareholder has a series of basic rights, highlighting the following:
- Right to dividend. In other words, the shareholder can receive the proportional part of the profits that a company allocates to distribute among its shareholders. Depending on how many shares you have, your dividend will be higher.
- Right to preferential subscription. It enjoys the possibility of obtaining new shares when there are capital increases before people outside the company.
- Right of information. Information is provided on the status and status of the accounts.
- Right to a settlement fee. It occurs in the event that assets of the company are liquidated.
- Right to vote and attendance. The shareholder has the opportunity (or right) to make decisions in the governance of the company through the General Meeting of Shareholders.