A domain definition is the identification network linked to a group of devices connected to the internet. The main purpose of domain names and the Domain Name System (DNS) is to translate the IP addresses of every active node on the network into terms that are easier to remember and find. This abstraction allows any service to go from one geographic site to another on the Internet, even if it involves a change in the IP address.
If it weren't for the help of the web domain name system, Internet users would have to access web services using the IP address. For example, instead of using http://example.com they would have to use http://184.108.40.206.
What is a web domain for?
An internet domain serves to identify a website in a simpler way. It consists mainly of two parts. On the one hand the name of the organization and on the other, the type of organization (com). The most used types of organization are .com, .org and .net, which refer to companies and commercial organizations, Non-profit organizations and institutions linked to Internet services, respectively.
Web domains are structured into three large groups. Here we detail the different types that there are:
- gTLD (geopraphical Top Level Domain): these are generic domains that are not adjusted to a specific territory. They are usually the most common and have extensions .com, .net or .org.
- ccTLD: domains linked to a specific country. In Spain they end with .es, in France with .fr and in Mexico with .mx.
- Third-level domains: they have the same purpose as gTLD domains, although they also have the territorial identity of ccTLDs. You will easily recognize them because they have, for example, a .com.es ending.
How to buy a web domain?